The first of back-to-back nights of debate took place on Wednesday with 10 of the 20 US Democratic presidential candidates who qualified for the debate going head-to-head on a range of issues, including healthcare, immigration and US foreign policy towards Iran.
Senators Cory Booker, Amy Klobuchar and Elizabeth Warren, Representatives Tulsi Gabbard and Tim Ryan, Washington Governor Jay Inslee, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio, former Representatives Beto O’Rourke and John Delaney and former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julian Castro took the stage Wednesday night in Miami, Florida.
Aside from technical difficulties, Wednesday’s debate offered few major surprises, but some heated exchanges, as the candidates sought to appeal to voters by highlighting individual platforms and points of divergence.
From healthcare to immigration, and the economy to Iran what did the candidates say as the lead up to the 2020 race heats up?
One of the issues showcasing differences among the 10 candidates on stage was healthcare.
Candidates battled over whether to abolish private insurance and shift to a Medicare-for-All system.
Warren and de Blasio were the only two candidates to raise their hands in support of eliminating private insurance.
Warren, a leader of the party’s progressive wing who has been surging in opinion polls, said private insurance was taking advantage of Americans. She backs a government-sponsored Medicare-for-All approach and criticised those who say it is not politically feasible.
“What they are really telling you is they just won’t fight for it. Healthcare is a basic right, and I will fight for it,” she said.
Most of Warren’s rivals Wednesday night, including O’Rourke and Klobuchar, called for universal healthcare but also favoured preserving the private insurance market.
Delaney, an outspoken critic of Medicare for All who supports a universal healthcare approach that includes private insurance, said Democrats should not throw away a system that some Americans are happy with.
“I think we should be the party that keeps what’s working and fixes what’s broken,” Delaney said.
De Blasio cast the debate as part of “the battle for the heart and soul of our party”.
O’Rourke said private insurance was “fundamental to our ability to get everybody cared for,” but de Blasio cut him off.
“Congressman O’Rourke, private insurance is not working for tens of millions of Americans when you talk about the copays, the deductibles the premiums – it’s not working. How can you defend a system that’s not working?”
Inslee said he was the only candidate on the stage that had passed a public healthcare option and a law protecting a woman’s right to reproductive health and health insurance.
That drew a sharp response from Klobuchar.
“There are three women up here who have fought pretty hard for a woman’s right to choose,” she said, looking at Warren and congresswoman Gabbard.
One of the more heated exchanges on Wednesday night came during the questioning about immigration.
O’Rourke and Castro battled over the separation of families and detention of migrants at the southern border. Castro said he would decriminalise border crossings by migrants, which he said led to the separation of families. He challenged O’Rourke and others to support him.
O’Rourke said that as a congressman he helped introduce a bill that would ensure that those who are seeking asylum and refuge in the United States are not criminalised.
Castro responded: “I’m not talking about the ones that are seeking asylum, I’m talking about everybody else.” He accused O’Rourke of not doing his homework.
Candidates pointed to the recent deaths of Oscar Alberto Martinez Ramirez and his 23-month-old daughter, Valeria, who drowned while attempting to cross the Rio Grande River between the US and Mexico.
Several candidates blamed President Donald Trump and his immigration policies for their deaths. The family had grown frustrated over the long wait in Mexico to apply for asylum in the US.
“Watching that image of Oscar and his daughter Valeria was heartbreaking. It should also piss us all off,” Castro said.
De Blasio earned loud applause when he reminded citizens immigrants were not their enemies.
“For all the American citizens who feel you are falling behind and the American dream is not working for you, the immigrants didn’t do that to you!” De Blasio said. “The big corporations did that to you.”
All 10 Democrats railed against a national economy and Republican administration they said exists only for the rich.
“Who’s this economy really working for? asked Warren, who received the first question.
“When you’ve got a government, when you have an economy that does great for those with money and is not doing great for everyone else, that is corruption, pure and simple,” the US senator and former Harvard law professor added. “We need to call it out.”
The Massachusetts senator said the economy is working well for “giant oil companies” and those who want to invest in private prisons, but not for those struggling and Americans facing the effects of climate change.
O’Rourke said in English that “this economy has got to work for everyone” and that, right now, it isn’t. Then he switched to Spanish, saying in that language that “we need to include everyone” in a booming national economy.
He added that the Trump administration has focused on helping the wealthy and large corporations over everyday Americans – echoing similar sentiments of the other Democrats on stage.
Booker was the only one of the 10 candidates on stage in Miami on Wednesday not to raise his hand when asked if he would sign onto the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran as originally negotiated. Under the agreement, Iran agreed to limit its enrichment of uranium and submit to UN inspections in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions.